Aggregates,Minerals, & Metals

Aggregate & Minerals Glossary

This is a glossary of terms and materials used in the heavy contruction, mining, and aggregate processing industries.

ALUMINUM

Packaging, transportation and building.

ANTIMONY

Batteries, cable sheaths, solder, fireworks, semi-conductor technology.

ASBESTOS

Fireproof fabrics, brake linings, yarn, cloth, paper, paint filler, roofing, etc.

BARIUM

Radiography, filler or extender in cloth, ink and plastics products.

BAUXITE

The main source of aluminum.

BERYLLIUM

Aircraft alloys, fluorescent lamps, X-ray tubes, nuclear industry.

CHROMITE

Used mainly in the chemical and metallurgical industries.

COBALT

Superalloys for jet engines, chemicals, permanent magnets, etc.

COLUMBITE-TANTALITE GROUP

Additive for steel making and in superalloys.

COPPER

Electric cables and wires, switches, plumbing, heating, etc.

FELDSPAR

Glass and ceramics, patter and enamelware, soaps, bonding agent.

FLUORITE

(Fluorspar) pottery, ceramics, optical & plastics industries, etc.

GOLD

Dentistry, medicine, jewelry, coins, scientific, electronic instruments.

GYPSUM

Prefabricated wallboard, plaster, cement manufacture, agriculture.

HALITE (SALT)

Food seasoning and preservation, soda ash, soaps, highway de-icing.

IRON ORE

Steel manufacture, metallurgy by-products, auto parts, medicine, etc.

LEAD

Batteries, solders, electrical & electronic applications, TVs.

LITHIUM

Batteries, ceramics & glass, medicine, lubricants & greases.

MANGANESE

Essential for iron & steel production.

MICA

Electronic insulators, paints, joint cement, dusting agent.

MOLYBDENUM

Alloy steels, tool steels, cast irons, super alloys, chemicals & lubricants.

NICKEL

Alloy to stainless steel, chemical & aerospace industries.

PERLITE

Roof insulation boards, fillers, filter aids, horticulture.

PLATINUM GROUP

Catalytic converters, jewelry, electrical contacts, dental alloys.

PHOSPHATE ROCK

Fertilizers, livestock feed additives, elemental phosphorus, etc.

POTASH

Fertilizer, medicine, chemical industry, color effects on brass, etc.

PYRITE

Sulfur, sulfuric acid and sulfur dioxide production, jewelry.

QUARTZ

Semiprecious gem stone, pressure gauges, oscillators, resonators.

SILICA

Computer chips, glass & refractory materials, ceramics, abrasives, etc.

SILVER

Photography, chemistry, jewelry, currency, electronics, dental.

SODIUM CARBONATE

Glass container manufacture, fiberglass.

STIBNITE

A major source mineral for antimony.

SULFUR

Sulfuric acid, fertilizers, chemicals, explosives, fungicides, dyestuff.

TANTALUM

Electronic components, weapon systems, high-speed tools, optical glass.

TITANIUM

Jet engines, airframes, space & missile applications.

TUNGSTEN

Metalworking, light bulb filament, glass coloring, textile dyes, etc.

URANIUM

20% of U.S. electricity generation, nuclear medicine, atomic dating.

VANADIUM

Metal alloys, aerospace, dyes, target material for X-rays.

ZEOLITES

Aquaculture, water softeners, catalysts, cat litter, odor control.

ZINC

Protective coating for steel, die casting, as component of brass, etc.